I find that any life problem can be redirected to any of the four agreements. So if you have positive habits that you can just daze throughout life and be productive without even trying. The author does a really thorough job of describing how habits are created. It is a chain reaction of three events: 1 The queue, 2 The routine, 3 The reward.
I read all of her books last year but my favourite one was by far, Dark Places. Twenty-five years later, the Kill Club—a secret society obsessed with notorious crimes—locates Libby and pumps her for details.
They hope to discover proof that may free Ben. Amber Patterson is fed up. She deserves more—a life of money and power like the one blond-haired, blue-eyed goddess Daphne Parrish takes for granted. To everyone in the exclusive town of Bishops Harbor, Connecticut, Daphne—a socialite and philanthropist—and her real-estate mogul husband, Jackson, are a couple straight out of a fairy tale. But a skeleton from her past may undermine everything that Amber has worked towards, and if it is discovered, her well-laid plan may fall to pieces. With shocking turns and dark secrets that will keep you guessing until the very end, The Last Mrs.
Parrish is a fresh, juicy, and utterly addictive thriller from a diabolically imaginative talent. To five-year-old-Jack, Room is the world. It's where he was born, it's where he and his Ma eat and sleep and play and learn. At night, his Ma shuts him safely in the wardrobe, where he is meant to be asleep when Old Nick visits. Room is home to Jack, but to Ma it's the prison where she has been held for seven years. Through her fierce love for her son, she has created a life for him in this eleven-by-eleven-foot space.
But with Jack's curiosity building alongside her own desperation, she knows that Room cannot contain either much longer. Room is a tale at once shocking, riveting, exhilarating--a story of unconquerable love in harrowing circumstances, and of the diamond-hard bond between a mother and her child. This was a historical fiction that takes place in Korea under Japanese rule. I think this book does a really good job of explaining what it was life over 4 generations.
In the early s, teenaged Sunja, the adored daughter of a crippled fisherman, falls for a wealthy stranger at the seashore near her home in Korea. He promises her the world, but when she discovers she is pregnant--and that her lover is married--she refuses to be bought. Instead, she accepts an offer of marriage from a gentle, sickly minister passing through on his way to Japan. But her decision to abandon her home, and to reject her son's powerful father, sets off a dramatic saga that will echo down through the generations. Richly told and profoundly moving, Pachinko is a story of love, sacrifice, ambition, and loyalty.
From bustling street markets to the halls of Japan's finest universities to the pachinko parlors of the criminal underworld, Lee's complex and passionate characters--strong, stubborn women, devoted sisters and sons, fathers shaken by moral crisis--survive and thrive against the indifferent arc of history. This is a book of all the life lessons that she knows for sure. As a creative force, student of the human heart and soul, and champion of living the life you want, Oprah Winfrey stands alone. Over the years, she has made history with a legendary talk show - the highest-rated program of its kind, launched her own television network, become the nation's only African-American billionaire, and been awarded both an honorary degree by Harvard University and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Trevor Noah, the funny guy who hosts The Daily Show, shares his remarkable story of growing up in South Africa, with a black South African mother and a white European father at a time when it was against the law for a mixed-race child like him to exist. But he did exist--and from the beginning, the often-misbehaved Trevor used his keen smarts and humor to navigate a harsh life under a racist government.
This compelling memoir blends drama, comedy, and tragedy to depict the day-to-day trials that turned a boy into a young man. In a country where racism barred blacks from social, educational, and economic opportunity, Trevor surmounted staggering obstacles and created a promising future for himself, thanks to his mom's unwavering love and indomitable will. It's Trevor Noah: Born a Crime not only provides a fascinating and honest perspective on South Africa's racial history, but it will also astound and inspire young readers looking to improve their own lives. In , Anthony Ray Hinton was arrested and charged with two counts of capital murder in Alabama.
Stunned, confused, and only twenty-nine years old, Hinton knew that it was a case of mistaken identity and believed that the truth would prove his innocence and ultimately set him free. But with no money and a different system of justice for a poor black man in the South, Hinton was sentenced to death by electrocution. He spent his first three years on Death Row at Holman State Prison in agonizing silence—full of despair and anger toward all those who had sent an innocent man to his death.
But as Hinton realized and accepted his fate, he resolved not only to survive, but find a way to live on Death Row. For the next twenty-seven years he was a beacon—transforming not only his own spirit, but those of his fellow inmates, fifty-four of whom were executed mere feet from his cell. With the help of civil rights attorney and bestselling author of Just Mercy, Bryan Stevenson, Hinton won his release in Rose Rocket is an ERP Enterprise Resource Planning software used by trucking companies to manage critical steps in their ordering process.
Do you know the app that Uber drivers use?
Rose Rocket is the right solution. Even when trucks become driverless, trucking companies will still need to manage their operations, and they will use Rose Rocket to do it. Read hilarious stories with serious lessons that Michael Lopp extracts from his varied and sometimes bizarre experiences as a manager at Apple, Pinterest, Palantir, Netscape, Symantec, Slack, and Borland. The Third Edition of Managing Humans contains a whole new season of episodes from the ongoing saga of Lopp's adventures in Silicon Valley, together with classic episodes remastered for high fidelity and freshness.
Scattered in repose among these manic misfits are managers, an even stranger breed of people who, through a mystical organizational ritual, have been given power over the futures and the bank accounts of many others. No single book could represent such a singular, widely curious figure as Farley Mowat, but Lost in the Barrens, the classic adventure tale that has introduced his work to generations of Canadians, is an excellent place to start.
Set in the icy North that has been Mowat's continuing source of inspiration, Lost in the Barrens is a thrilling example of the gift for storytelling that makes almost any story Mowat wants to tell worth a listen. You may have seen the iconic photo of her at Nasdaq MarketSite taking her company public with her then month-old son at her hip.
Katrina is the youngest female founder to take a company public, and she herself never saw it coming. But Katrina has earned that title with all of the hurdles she has jumped through. Having always had a passion for the intersection of fashion and tech, Katrina started Stitch Fix as a school project while attending Harvard Business School. With all of her triumphs, Katrina Lake is now a powerful name giving strength to female founders everywhere.
It had a really big impact on me and how I approached company culture. And that the values were consistent in both worlds. During his many years as a senior executive at Starbucks, Howard Behar helped establish the Starbucks culture, which stresses people over profits. He coached hundreds of leaders at every level and helped the company grow into a world-renowned brand. Now he reveals the ten principles that guided his leadership-and not one of them is about coffee. Behar shows that if you think of your staff as people not labor costs they will achieve amazing results.
He discusses the importance of building trust, telling hard truths, thinking independently, and more. And he shares inside stories of key turning points for Starbucks, as it fought to hang on to its culture while growing exponentially. After years racking up culinary cred at New York City restaurants like Lupa, Momofuku, and Blue Hill, he managed the trailblazing Four Season Farm in coastal Maine, where he developed an appreciation for every part of the plant and learned to coax the best from vegetables at each stage of their lives.
In Six Seasons, his first book, McFadden channels both farmer and chef, highlighting the evolving attributes of vegetables throughout their growing seasons—an arc from spring to early summer to midsummer to the bursting harvest of late summer, then ebbing into autumn and, finally, the earthy, mellow sweetness of winter. Each chapter begins with recipes featuring raw vegetables at the start of their season. His ingenuity is on display in revelatory recipes that celebrate flavor at its peak.
We know about survival of the fittest and how the strongest animals win. In the great halls of science, dogma holds that Darwin's theory of natural selection explains every branch on the tree of life: which species thrive, which wither away to extinction, and what features each evolves. But can adaptation by natural selection really account for everything we see in nature?
Yale University ornithologist Richard Prum—reviving Darwin's own views—thinks not. Deep in tropical jungles around the world are birds with a dizzying array of appearances and mating displays: Club-winged Manakins who sing with their wings, Great Argus Pheasants who dazzle prospective mates with a four-foot-wide cone of feathers covered in golden 3D spheres, Red-capped Manakins who moonwalk. In thirty years of fieldwork, Prum has seen numerous display traits that seem disconnected from, if not outright contrary to, selection for individual survival. To explain this, he dusts off Darwin's long-neglected theory of sexual selection in which the act of choosing a mate for purely aesthetic reasons—for the mere pleasure of it—is an independent engine of evolutionary change.
Documentary about the physiological and psychological effects of living in a zero-g space station, built around NASA library film from Project Skylab. Skylab astronauts and other experts discuss the ultimate limitation on spaceflight duration, as well as the exhilaration of being free of gravity. Horizon examines the rise of the microprocessor and asks if automation presents a problem for the future of British industry. Manganese nodules carpet parts of the deep ocean floor. They're potentially a highly valuable source of minerals. Horizon looks at the engineering challenge of harvesting them, and the knotty problems such a venture would pose for international law.
A look at the world's leading hibernation research projects shows that the apparently simple business of dozing off for the winter is, in fact, an extremely difficult trick to learn. The only hope is that the whole process is triggered by a special 'hibernation hormone'. It hasn't been found yet, but more than one laboratory is hot on the trail. Imagine yourself shrunk to less than a millimetre, travelling down a blood vessel. It's a popular science-fiction idea but. We travel inside the main arteries of the body and past the narrow capillaries of the skin where red blood cells must flow in single file.
We go along the carotid artery into the delicate tracery of the brain and down into the massive cavity of the heart itself. We see the biological processes at work within the body and explore the changes within the arteries that can lead to the heart failures and strokes which take the lives of , Britons every year.
The voyage is made possible by the unique camera techniques developed by Swedish photographer Dr Lennart Nilsson. Ten years ago his images of the developing foetus in the womb brought him international recognition. In this film he documents another hidden world - the surprisingly beautiful one within our body's arterial system. The present generations of robots are still pretty stupid; but university research is investigating the possibilities of giving robots sight, touch and hearing. How many of our jobs will they then be able to do? Mexico, the lazy land of the sombrero and siesta, is fast becoming a country of hard-hats and hard work.
The recent discovery of huge oil fields in the southern states of Mexico has stirred the government and people to unprecedented efforts. Could Mexico turn out to be another Kuwait? As exploration for new oil expands, could the country eventually match the giant reserves of the world's top producer, Saudi Arabia? Horizon investigates what effect Mexico might have on an oil hungry world-and the effect of oil on Mexico and the Mexicans themselves.
Mexico is already exporting oil - some of it by accident. The world's worst-ever oil spill, from a rig in the Gulf of Campeche. As we move into the 80s, Horizon takes a final look over its shoulder at the last ten years. It's been a decade of contrasts; Concorde and man-powered flight, test-tube babies and abortion, nuclear reactors and solar roofs, micro-processors and meditation.
The 70s opened with men walking on the moon. It ends with an energy crisis, inflation and unemployment. Roundup of efforts to recycle more of our waste, narrated by Tony Britton. In Japan the development of a voice-controlled word processor will revolutionise their offices. In Sweden 'text inspectors' have to check on any illegal entries on computer files. In Britain Prestel can supply all kinds of information into homes and offices. Horizon examines some of the more far-reaching and subtle effects of the new information age. We ask: Can we foresee any of the cultural changes that lie ahead?
When Mount St. Helens erupted last May, it did much more damage than geologists had expected. Horizon looks at the aftermath of the devastating explosion, and at the beginnings of environmental recovery. Horizon presents a portrait of renowned economist John Maynard Keynes. It follows his life story, his ideas on economics and his contributions to the arts.
A hang-glider pilot, a miner and a lorry driver-they all happily accept risks every day, but now they are threatened with a nuclear power station on their doorsteps. Yet according to the experts, they have no need to worry, as the risk is minute compared with the hazards in their normal lives. How accurate are the experts' figures, and why is it that people nevertheless do not believe that a nuclear power station, or a petrochemical complex like Canvey Island is safe? No major technological undertaking is completely without risk.
But how are governments to decide what is an 'acceptable' risk, one that is seen to be fair and justifiable by the majority of the population? Richard Feynman talks about his life. Horizon investigates the current state of computer and analogue graphics by interviewing assists and scientists involved with scientific and technical modelling, 3D movie animation, and computer gaming. Unidentified flying objects - UFOs - exist.
The question is: what are they? In most cases those who see UFOs are not mad or drunk, but responsible adults who are sincerely convinced that they have witnessed something very strange. And the sightings are not just visual - UFOs have been photographed, filmed and tracked on radar. So are these sightings evidence of spacecraft from other worlds-or of something more down to Earth?
Tonight's programme examines some of the more classic UFO cases and comes up with at least one rather startling possibility. A history of space exploration starting from the dawn of the space age in with the launch of Sputnik to the Space Shuttle Columbia. Is it possible to read someone's mind or foretell the future?
Do some people have psychic powers or a sixth sense? Most scientists would emphatically say no, and that the many people who believe in such things are credulous, irrational and unscientific. We talk to the leading critics of the new research, who reflect the views of the scientific establishment that ESP really stands for Error Some Place - and we show some scientists' recent attempts to answer their critics by taking ESP out of the laboratory and putting it to the test in the world of commerce, crime, archaeology and warfare.
Barney Clark died in March, having survived days with the world's first permanent pneumatic total artificial heart. Horizon follows the case with the surgeon, William DeVries, and looks at the prospects for this technology to save lives. On 1 August Dr Joseph Priestley discovered an unknown gas-oxygen: a discovery that may lead today to a cure for rheumatoid arthritis and cheap fuel from sunlight.
Professor Ian Fells shows how we are still trying to understand the links between oxygen and living things. The Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University, he made his name by discovering that black holes are not necessarily black - some of them shine. Afflicted by a terrible illness, Professor Hawking relies on his young students to help him In his work - an ambitious programme to unify all the disparate theories of physics into one ultimate theory of everything. If he succeeds, then his discipline, theoretical physics, may have only 20 years or so to go before it comes to an end.
Each year in Britain four million animals, including rats, mice, rabbits, dogs and monkeys are used for animal experiments; their bodies are the testing ground for new products as well as for the advance of scientific knowledge. Scientists maintain that without these animal experiments our future health and safety would be dangerously at risk. Yet to many of us the very idea of animals being used in this way is repugnant.
Are all these animal experiments essential or useful? Could they be replaced by cell cultures, computer models and other sophisticated laboratory techniques which would relieve or remove that suffering and death? Does it have to be either our well-being or animal welfare? An investigation into the alternatives to that cruel choice. In Dr Norman Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advances in agricultural technology which had produced new 'miracle' rice and wheat. The Green Revolution had arrived; it was hoped that world hunger would disappear.
But in the years which followed the new technology only seemed to make the rich farmers richer and the poor farmers poorer. How have agricultural scientists responded to this? Through the eyes of an economist, Keith Griffin President of Magdalen College, Oxford Horizon looks critically at the new 'Green Revolution' as scientists work in Mexico, Bangladesh and the Philippines to help the poor grow more food. Their new approach may offer some hope - but unless there are equal changes in economic and political structures are other kinds of revolution inevitable?
Report, using material of the time, of the moon landing , and discussion on the USA's space programme. Investigates the history of germ warfare and the threat of a new biological arms race. Chickens packed in battery cages, pigs in metal crates so small they can't turn round - that's what modern farming means to many people, and they're against it. But what do the animals feel about it all?
Scientists are now studying farm animals to find out more about their natural behaviour and about how farmers can change the way they treat them, in the hope of improving farm productivity and making life better for them. And they've come up with some surprising evidence from experiments that include lambs in balaclava helmets, hens laying multicoloured eggs, pigs building nests - and a group of chickens that roundly rejected an influential government report on welfare.
Report on the passage of the European Giotto spacecraft as it passes through the tail of Halley's Comet. The virus that causes AIDS has become one of the most intensively studied disease-causing organisms in the history of science. Its anatomy has been dissected, and the way it penetrates the body's defences understood. This year a vaccine has reached the crucial stage of testing in monkeys.
And a powerful new drug may offer some hope to sufferers. But the more AIDS researchers learn, the more worried they become. The virus has now infected 20 million people across the globe; it is spreading sexually between males and females; and attacking not only the immune system, but also the brain.
Eventually, hundreds of thousands of young people with AIDS may require specialised mental health care. There are clocks in your body which, left to themselves, would have you live a hour day. Tampering with them, just by working the wrong shift pattern, may lead to illness, or may affect your ability to have a child. Understanding body-clocks helps to cure winter depression, warns of death rhythms in unborn babies, leads to pills for reducing jet-lag, gives longer lives to some cancer patients - and may even provide cheaper meat. How can science help in the investigation of political kidnappings and mass murder?
Argentina's military juntas were responsible for torturing and killing over 10, people. Today their bones are their only witnesses. By exhuming unmarked graves, forensic scientists are identifying individual victims and finding important evidence to bring those responsible to justice. Many of the 'Children of the Disappeared' have survived because they were illegally taken by military families who may have been involved in their parents' murder.
When grandparents eventually trace their grandchildren, the only way they can get them back is to prove their real identity by genetic testing. In Wells Cathedral there is a clue to the origin of rheumatoid arthritis. It is one tiny piece in the puzzle that has vexed doctors for years: what causes this crippling joint disease? Is it an infection by bacteria or viruses? Is it stress or diet? Intense research this century has answered some of these questions, only to reveal more Is it inherited? Will it suddenly disappear as rapidly as it appeared? The ultimate cause, and a cure, remain to be found, but recent discoveries offer some hope for the million Britons who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.
The information-hungry world of the 21st century will be fed not by electrical signals, but by pulses of invisible laser light flying along fibres of glass. What is the revolution in communications that has ousted electricity in favour of light? With crashing motorbikes, stretching trains and a semiconductor laser the size of a department store, Horizon investigates the mysterious world of light technology and, at the frontiers, finds plans for computers that will process information with light.
Janice Blenkharn faces the hardest choice of her life. Whether or not she wants to be told if she will develop an incurable genetic disease called Huntington's disease. Every child of an affected parent has a chance of inheriting it. Janice's mother died of Huntington's Chorea, so Janice is at risk. If she develops it, then her children will be at risk. Until now, there has been no way of knowing who will be affected and who spared. But thanks to painstaking research in a remote South American fishing village, a test now exists.
It offers Janice, and others at risk from this fatal disease, the chance to see into the future. For sufferers of Parkinson's Disease , hope lies in a new experimental operation - a brain transplant - and the first on a human being is just about to take place. This remarkable technique may one day also treat patients with Alzheimer's Disease , strokes and paralysing spinal cord injuries, yet promises to be surrounded by controversy because of the source of the transplanted tissue.
Deep in a Japanese cave, a star's last moments are detected by signals from particles which have travelled through , light years of space, and then through the earth itself. It was the most important event in any living astronomer's lifetime, because dying stars are central to the life of our universe. So when the supernova appeared in the southern sky last February, the world's astronomers turned every available instrument on to it.
This unique international collaboration has given fascinating insights into one of the universe's most violent events. The programme follows the supernova's story, from its first sighting in Chile to Australia, America and Japan. Manic depression is a crippling emotional illness. It carries a high risk of suicide. It is now known that it has a strong genetic component.
Those genes affect over one per cent of humanity: some 50 million people. Is manic depression simply another genetic cross that mankind has to bear, or do these genes also convey some sort of advantage that helps to explain their survival? Many manic depressives are creative - is it in spite of their illness - or because of it? And what has madness to do with poetry, art, music, literature and leadership? Could it be that mental illness is, in some sense, necessary? The Panama Canal , now a billion-dollar commercial crossroads, was in a snake-infested forest and swamp, harbouring yellow fever and malaria, with sawgrass that shredded skin like a razor.
When the jungle beat Old World canal diggers from France, engineers from the brash young United States took over, fired by the success of their new transcontinental railroad. Of the half million workers, who toiled for decades to create this new wonder of the world, 28, died. Today the canal carries 12, ships a year.
But its future is threatened, because of damage to the rain forest on which Panama depends. If you are born into a working class family, from your first breath you are at greater risk of dying than the baby of professional parents. At all ages, death has a class bias. The NHS has made no difference to the health gap between the social classes. Is the gap because of the way people behave - eating chips, smoking - or is it the result of poverty and deprivation?
Does stress matter, and if so, what kind? Can unemployment kill? Horizon investigates the theories behind the shocking statistics and asks if the will is there to do anything about them. The temperature is going up. Britain may become warmer, but even wetter. The grain belt of America may get too dry to produce grain.
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In India, the monsoons may fail. Humans around the globe would face greater challenges than ever. By burning coal, oil and gas, carbon dioxide is added to the atmosphere. It keeps more of the sun's heat in, which is making the world warm up. And, in a chain reaction, sea level, crop growth and rainfall will all change.
Can the Greenhouse Effect be avoided, caused as it is by one of the most basic human activities - the generation of power? As one scientist says: ' This summer thousands of holiday-makers are spending their first day in the Costa del Gatwick , as foreign air traffic controllers struggle to find space for them. Here, a new flight is crammed into the airspace every ten seconds.
Horizon gained unprecedented access to investigate how air traffic control really works. One dimly lit operations room handles everything that flies over England and Wales. Yet controllers say equipment is out of date and keeps breaking down. Plans for the new London City Airport went wrong a few weeks after opening day. How much longer can controllers struggle with the tidal wave of aircraft? Good news: computers won't take over after all. Thinking can't be produced just by running a computer programme.
So argues John Searle, a philosopher at the University of California. His controversial views annoy those scientists who work to create ' artificial intelligence '. They believe thinking can be done by computer. Using a play in Cantonese, a machine that looks like an old mangle and the ideas and images of recent news, Horizon explores the limitations of digital computers. For the past ten years doctors in America have been experimenting with a new drug to treat incurable cancers.
Interleukin 2 has been both acclaimed as a miracle and criticised as cruel and unethical. Some patients with advanced tumours are completely cured, but most show no improvement and suffer agonising physical and psychological side effects. A few die from the treatment. Horizon follows three patients who have been accepted on to the drug trial. Stakes are high for both sides. The researchers believe that this costly and controversial therapy could revolutionise cancer treatment. The patients are guinea pigs in a last-ditch experiment to save their lives. Exercise Purple Warrior involves 20, men and 39 ships.
Their task is to evacuate UK nationals peacefully from 'Kaig' and, if possible, to avoid war. Meanwhile, in London at the Command Centre used for the Falklands War, staff are still catching up on the overnight signals and getting ready to brief Admiral Dingemans. First Vaux must establish his headquarters ashore, but the weather is beginning to close in, making all amphibious movements unpredictable Winner of the Royal Society Award for best science, medical or technology programme of Their only hope of survival is a heart transplant.
Horizon follows every stage of the fight to save each life: the doctors' discussions to decide whether the patient is too ill to have a transplant; the anxiety of the family as they wait; the frantic search for a donor and the surgeons' race across the border to the USA to get a heart. Finally, hours later, will the transplanted heart beat in its new body? Since its discovery on Easter morning in , Easter Island has remained a fascinating puzzle. It is the most isolated inhabited land on earth, and yet it was also home to a glorious stone culture. Can the mystery of its giant statues ever be solved?
Who built them, how and why - and what happened to the civilisation that once flourished there? From all over the world scientists are drawn to this lonely spot, in search of answers. In the first of a two-part investigation, Horizon pieces together the clues that can reveal the secrets of a vanished past. The most isolated inhabited island in the world is haunted by huge brooding statues and a mysterious past. Science has unravelled some of its secrets, but now, in the second of a two-part investigation, Horizon looks for alternative information to solve the remaining pieces of the puzzle.
The islanders believe that the statues literally walked, by magic, from their quarry to the ceremonial platforms. They believe that an old woman's spell on greedy stone-carvers brought the quarrying to a halt, but hazy myth and scraps of legend can be used to re-interpret scientific finds, and finally tell the story of the extraordinary statue-builders. Part of the Doctors to Be series following the careers of medical students.
Part of the Doctors to Be series. October The medical students face their first exams. After two years of medical training, the medical students are put into the 'real world' of a surgical ward at St Mary's Hospital, Paddington. When Chinese and Japanese people move to California they change their lifestyles. So did the Greeks and Italians who migrated to Australia. The result is a change in the cancers they develop. This programme explores how changes in the way we live can reduce the risk of cancer. When there is a series of linked murders, particularly of children, the killer is likely to strike again.
These are the most serious of crimes. After failures in the case of the Yorkshire Ripper, the Home Secretary promised the harnessing for such investigations of the best detective and forensic skills in the country, and the use of computer technology. Has this happened? New technology is now available on both sides of the Atlantic and may increase the chances of solving these disturbing crimes. Sir Peter Medawar , who died last November, was a great scientist who, with the help of an exceptional woman, triumphed over adversity and justified his hope of progress. He was shocked by the appalling burns of a Second World War airman who crashed near his home, and he set to work to find a treatment using skin grafts.
His fundamental discoveries about the immune system inspired the surgeons who pioneered transplantation. Sir Peter became a Nobel Laureate and figurehead of British science. After a severe stroke, his own courage and the support of his remarkable wife Jean, enabled him to return to writing, including his autobiography Memoir of a Thinking Radish. There has been an electronic revolution in television news. It has affected the way news is gathered, presented and edited. Horizon follows BBC TV news teams at home and abroad for just one day, to see how the new technology works: in the studio with Sue Lawley ; at the White House with Tim Sebastian in the newsroom with the editors.
How is the new technology changing the news you see on your screen? When Tuesday 22 March started, it looked like being an ordinary newsday. It didn't turn out that way. Paul Mercer, a student, wants to be a naval officer. John Josling, a manager, hopes to become a director of his company. Naval psychologists use psychometric tests the modern IQ tests which involve two days of rigorous assessment to help select their potential high-fliers.
But the officer chairing the Admiralty Interview Board believes that it's not until you can look into the man's eyes that you get a feel for his true character. Are the tests valid - and is the result fair to Paul Mercer?
John Josling agrees to submit himself to vigorous and potentially embarrassing personality testing. His company believes it will identify his strengths and weaknesses and assist his ambitions for promotion. But can you really change personality with paper tests? The flow of electricity with absolutely no loss due to resistance could mean far cheaper power, levitated trains and ever-faster computers. But until , the technology was so complicated and expensive that almost its only use was for the powerful magnets of medical scanners.
This is the story of a scientific breakthrough and the hectic race that followed - for superconductors that work at higher temperatures, for applications and lucrative manufacturing patents, for an explanation of how the new materials work To be told 'your illness is all in the mind' or 'pull yourself together' is no help to people like Mollie Champion - 14 years seeking a diagnosis and still not cured, or Michael Mayne.
Now, thousands of patients are struggling for recognition of this distressing condition, while fighting the fundamental attitudes of doctors to diagnosis and disease. But as some patients suffer, others try a fresh approach: independently of their doctors.
Shortly before his death in February , the scientist Richard Feynman talked about his ten year fascination with Tannu Tuva , a Shangri-La on the edge of Mongolia , which very few westerners have ever seen. Horizon follows the preparation of the five astronauts of the space shuttle Discovery , the first shuttle flight since the Challenger disaster of Horizon reports on the abnormally high occurrence of senile dementia and Parkinson's disease on the Pacific island of Guam that scientists believe is linked to a poison in the native cycad fruit. Horizon looks at evidence that seems to show that diving can cause long term damage to the brain and spinal cord, even in shallow waters.
Weapons are being developed that are controlled by computers to destroy specific targets. Horizon investigates the damage that pollution and tourism are inflicting on the Swiss Alps. Where can the elderly live who are unable to live at home, in a care home, or in sheltered accommodation? An interview with Professor Eric Laithwaite who believes that many modern inventions already exist in nature.
Two-and-a-half years ago, broadcaster Glyn Worsnip was told he had an incurable brain disease. Like many thousands with obscure diseases he wanted to know: what research is going on? Who is paying for it? Are patients getting the benefit? To get answers, he questions the Medical Research Council, a Nobel Prize winner, his own GP, a large drug company, small charity support groups and eminent doctors round the country. In Paris, Xavier Rodet has taught a computer to sing Mozart; in Greenwich Village, Wendy Carlos synthesises a classical concerto from electronic tones.
Professor Nagyvary has made a new violin with waterlogged wood and powdered gems. He claims it sounds like a Stradivarius. In Australia, Manfred Clynes reckons he has discovered a universal human language of emotion. To prove it he creates feelings on tape. What's left for human performers to contribute? British Afro-Caribbeans are ten times more likely to develop schizophrenia than the rest of the population, according to a psychiatric study in Nottingham. Black critics claim that white psychiatrists are misdiagnosing black people and that the report is a classic example of racism in medicine.
They also warn that the report may do untold harm to our race relations. The Nottingham researchers believe that their findings could provide a clue to the causes of this mysterious and terrible form of madness. Are their conclusions valid and should the research have been done? The Tasaday , a remote Philippine tribe living 'in the Stone Age', are now seen as a famous scientific hoax. But when they were first discovered, in , they were hailed as the anthropological find of the century. How did these people dupe every scientist who went to see them? Horizon has investigated the extraordinary story and arrived at a quite different conclusion.
Weigh up the evidence from their stone tools, their language, their knowledge of plants and Millions of visits are made each year to acupuncturists, homeopaths, food allergists, or people who diagnose disease by looking in your eyes or waving a pendulum. Scientific evidence is still lacking that such therapies cure disease, but they often seem to make people 'better'. It turns out that whether you chose an NHS consultant or a fringe alternative practitioner, it may not make much difference to your chances of 'getting better'.
Genius, aeronautical engineer, soldier, schoolmaster, gardener, hospital porter, architect, recluse, and Cambridge Professor of Philosophy, Ludwig Wittgenstein was one of the most original thinkers of this century. Born years ago into one of the richest families in the Austro-Hungarian empire, he gave away all his money, and lived on the edge of madness and suicide until his death in And yet his last words were: 'Tell them I've had a wonderful life! Feeling ill at work? It could be your building that's to blame. When Sick Building Syndrome strikes, it brings a flurry of mild symptoms such as headache, tiredness, sore eyes and runny nose.
Horizon follows the investigation of one sick building where 94 per cent of the occupants report symptoms.
Investigators know it's not a serious infection like Legionnaire's disease, but until now have been stumped to find a cause. Could it be dust or moulds in the ventilation ducts, too few negative ions in the air, even a build-up of chemicals? By piecing together different strands of new research, they can now discover the culprit. An examination of whether Horizon has had an effect on the scientific community.
Horizon investigates how many deaths on the road could be prevented with further technical and legislative changes. An investigation into recent biosensor technologies. A profile of the inventor Clive Sinclair. Horizon examines whether child abuse and depression can be prevented by working with the mothers of young children. An investigation on the effects of volcanic eruptions on the global climate.
On the evening of 17 October there was an earthquake 60 miles south of San Francisco. Sixty-seven people died, 2, were injured and 10, left homeless. A massive earthquake, many times as damaging and this time centred directly on San Francisco, is expected within a few years. A city fire chief predicts they are so unprepared that they could lose 20, buildings and 8, lives. Will the city learn from the lessons of the quake of 89? Nasa is about to launch the Hubble space telescope, which promises the greatest advances in astronomy since Galileo.
It will show ten times more details than is possible from the ground and see objects 30 times fainter or five times farther away than ever before. It will search for planets outside our solar system, and will tell us much more about the Universe. With long delays and huge cost-overruns, it is now approaching its point of greatest risk. If anything goes wrong on the launch, there is no back-up. Looks at the manufacturing processes involved in the production of a new five pound note due to be launched in June Considers the design and production of currency , and the intricate techniques developed to prevent forgeries.
First in a three-part Horizon special series on the Soviet manned space programme , looking at the story of the projects, cosmonauts and engineers involved. Second in a three-part Horizon special series on the Soviet manned space programme, looking at the story of the projects, cosmonauts and engineers involved. Third in a three-part Horizon special series on the Soviet manned space programme, this one concentrating on the story of the two Soviet cosmonauts who risked their lives earlier this year in a space walk to try and repair their stricken craft, as well as anecdotes from veteran cosmonauts.
Chernobyl Unit Four exploded six years ago this week. The intensely radioactive ruins of the reactor now lie buried in the 'sarcophagus'. Much of it will be radioactive for more than , years. Horizon were the first westerners to film inside the sarcophagus where an elite team of Soviet scientists are working in areas of radiation that would be considered lethal by the west. They are driven by the urgent need to hunt down the tonnes of uranium and plutonium which melted in the explosion, and to discover whether a second accident could happen at Chernobyl.
This film tells the story of the remarkable scientists dedicating their lives to working there. This story by Horizon looks at the expanding and controversial area of "smart drugs". For 20 years, the image of the earth floating in space has been adopted by environmentalists to suggest the planet's wholeness and vulnerability, as a challenge to industrialism and consumerism.
But the meaning of the icon is changing with the advent of global telecommunications and finance. As part of Science Week, Horizon explores the implications of these changes and asks what the future holds. An investigation into the discovery of Boxgrove Man. The second of two programmes about the Red Planet. Traces the course of the planned manned mission to Mars , which could take place within the next twenty years. Focuses on the numerous complications involved in such a mission, from the potential physical damage caused to cosmonauts by their zero-gravity surroundings to the psychological pressures involved in the month-long trip.
The story of how and why Dolly the sheep , the first cloned copy of an adult mammal, came to be created. The first of Kate O'Sullivan's trilogy of films about Antarctica. Antarctica's polar ice sheet is the highest, coldest, windiest, driest and most unforgiving place on Earth. The average temperature near the South Pole is minus 49 degrees C, winds reach over km an hour and water in liquid form is scarce.
Yet this hostile environment has now become the last frontier on Earth and, each year, a population of 3, human colonists tries to settle here. This film focuses on the risks and rigours of living in this inhospitable continent. The second of Kate O'Sullivan's Antarctic trilogy.
The mystery of what formed the vast continent of Antarctica has obsessed explorers since Shackleton and Scott. Piecing together evidence from the tiny amount of rock exposed above the ice, geologists have come up with a radical theory that may also predict how Antarctica will change in the future. Third of Kate O'Sullivan's Antarctica trilogy. This final film is a detective story unravelled by scientists scattered on the ice sheet, trying to understand the mechanisms that control it.
First of three documentaries taking a look at the issue of obesity. The second in a trilogy of programmes studying obesity. As the search for drugs to reduce appetite by resetting control mechanisms in the brain continues, new research uncovers the powerful food ingredients that could win the slimming war. The programme examines the lengths to which some overweight people are prepared to go in attempting to reduce their size, from stomach stapling to the ingestion of dangerous drugs.
Last of a trilogy of programmes studying obesity. Examines some ground-breaking research into eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia , trying to establish if they are inherited. The discovery of a group of anorexics in a most unlikely place seems to put paid to the theory that the disease is the product of western's society's increased levels of stress.
This episode originally aired on 7 April under the title Designer Babies. Horizon investigates an extremely rare and destructive phenomenon that strikes every few thousand years: a mega-tsunami. Separating conjoined twins is one of the most challenging operations a surgeon can face. Horizon examines the dilemmas which confront doctors and parents. Horizon investigates Lake Vostok , a vast and ancient lake deep beneath the Antarctic ice sheet. Horizon follows an expedition to the Andes where wreckage from missing passenger plane Star Dust mysteriously reappeared.
In the summer of the Roman city of Zeugma all but disappeared under the flood waters of the Birecik Dam. Horizon tells the story of a team of archaeologists' final visit, struggling to save what they could before the dam waters rose. An investigation of why circumcised children from the Lozi and Luvale Tribes of Africa appear to have much reduced HIV infection rates. Huge plant- and meat-eaters have been unearthed in Argentina along with evidence that the mega-carnivores hunted together in packs.
Horizon investigates growing evidence that the ultimate force of cosmological destruction - a supermassive black hole - may in fact breathe life into every galaxy in the Universe. The extraordinary story of Canadian Bruce Reimer who was surgically turned into a girl after birth, offering a fascinating insight into what makes us male and female. This episode is a re-edited version of Atlantis Reborn after Broadcasting Standards Commission ruled that the original special episode broadcast on 4 November was unfair to the author Graham Hancock.
After demolishing a building in Miami in , workers discover a perfectly preserved circle of large holes, almost 13 metres across. Horizon follows the investigations to determine the origin of the mysterious circle, concluding that it is the remains of a forgotten tribe called the Tequesta. Horizon investigates how a small jawbone could explain how, million years ago, a slimy fish-like creature grew legs and walked onto the land to become our ancestor.
The story of caulerpa taxifolia , an algae that has caused devastating ecological changes in some marine habitats. Horizon investigates whether the drug ecstasy could be used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's Disease. Horizon investigates a theory that for millions of years the Earth was entirely smothered in ice, stretching from the poles to the tropics. Two disruptive children are followed through a controversial treatment regime. Horizon examines how the mariners' mythical wall of water could indeed be a quantum physics reality.
Flint tools found on both sides of the Atlantic ocean suggest a whole new version of North American prehistory. Horizon conducts its own experiment to see if the alternative medicine has any scientific basis. The Amazon soil offers a prehistoric clue to the truth behind the 'cities of gold' and a possible answer to rainforest destruction. Where did the inhabitants of Easter Island come from and how did they create its celebrated stone statues? People with narcolepsy fall asleep all the time. Could their condition offer us all a route to a future without tiredness? Horizon examines the effects of a major asteroid collision with the earth.
An investigation of the effects that a Dirty bomb would have on London if it were exploded in Trafalgar Square. The search for a female equivalent of the drug Viagra. A 77,year-old fragment of paint in Blombos Cave raises important questions about human evolution. An investigation into gene therapy in which diseases caused by genetic anomalies could be eradicated. A new theory could help save thousands of lives by predicting impending earthquakes.
Recent discoveries have shown that Mars has all the ingredients for life, including water, so could life be present there? Horizon investigates the discovery of extreme rock-eating microbes - a testimony from primordial Earth and a glimpse of life elsewhere in the Solar System. Investigations into temporal lobe epilepsy seem to suggest that our brains are naturally programmed to believe in religion.
Was the response to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome outbreak of appropriate? To mark the hundredth anniversary of the Wright brothers inaugural flight, Horizon tells the story of Percy Pilcher , an Englishman who could have been the first person to fly a powered aircraft. In , four years before the Wright brothers, he had constructed his own aeroplane. But on the day it was due to take off, technical problems led him to fly another aircraft - a decision that ended in a fatal crash.
Now, with a team of historians, aviation experts, and its own test pilot, Horizon painstakingly rebuilds Pilcher's flying machine to it to the test. This is the extraordinary story of how a small metal disc is rewriting the epic saga of how civilisation first came to Europe, years ago. Since Professor Manfred Korfmann has been excavating the site of Troy. He has made various discoveries - how large the city was, how well it was defended and that there was once a great battle there at the time that experts believe the Trojan war occurred.
But who had attacked the city and why? Horizon then follows the clues - the ancient tablets written by a lost civilisation, a sunken ship rich in treasure, and the golden masks and bronze swords of a warrior people. The film reaches its conclusion in a tunnel deep beneath Troy, where Korfmann has made a discovery that may reveal the truth behind the myth. The Moche were one of the most fabulous and frightening of the ancient South American civilisations. But after years of glory, they apparently disappeared; new research reveals why.
Examining the evidence of what omega 3 can do. The incredible story of Dr Temple Grandin who has a legendary ability to understand animal behaviour in a way that nobody else can. She is convinced she experiences the world much as an animal does and that it's all down to her autistic brain. Though Grandin didn't learn to speak until she was five, at nearly 60 she's an Associate Professor of Animal Science and the most famous autistic woman on the planet. Horizon follows her remarkable journey to global acclaim. Every day across the world, more than 3 million people catch a plane. Yet despite it being the safest form of travel, many of us are terrified of flying and what we fear most is crashing and dying.
Most people believe that if they're in a plane crash their time is up, in fact the truth is surprisingly different. We have spoken to aviation safety experts, crash investigators as well as plane crash survivors - and put together the 'ultimate survivors guide to plane crashes'. Visit the links below to find out more. Danny Wallace is on a mission to convince the world that chimps are people too.
He believes the time has come to make our hairy relatives part of the family.
Our primate brethren share This being so, should they be afforded the same rights as people? The reason for this scientific showdown is simple. If chimps can communicate, cook and reason, then how different are they to humans? Armed with the latest scientific evidence, Danny travels the globe to quiz primatologists, philosophers and animal rights lawyers to investigate whether or not chimps should be classed as people. In November , year-old mother of two Isabelle Dinoire became the first person in the world to receive a new face. The decision made by French surgeons to perform the operation went against the findings of almost every other ethical committee in the world and has since sparked a fierce debate over the ethics of the operation.
With the long-term effects still unknown, do the risks outweigh the benefits? Are face transplants really in the best interest of the patient? Meet the scientific prophets who claim we are on the verge of creating a new type of human - a human v2. It's predicted that by computer intelligence will equal the power of the human brain. Some believe this will revolutionise humanity - we will be able to download our minds to computers extending our lives indefinitely.
Others fear this will lead to oblivion by giving rise to destructive ultra intelligent machines. One thing they all agree on is that the coming of this moment - and whatever it brings - is inevitable. We follow 20 robot cars on a remarkable race across the Nevada desert. These cars drive themselves. There are no drivers and no remote controls, they must navigate entirely on their own. The first time the race was run, the most successful entrant only made it seven miles into the mile course.
Will this year's robots do any better? And will any cross the finishing line and claim the two-million-dollar prize? It's a story of set-backs and crashes, as a variety of teams compete to solve one of the hardest problems in robotics. H5N1 Bird Flu jumps the species barrier and becomes a global pandemic.
This drama documentary narrated by Sean Pertwee , based in Cambodia, USA and the UK, explores what is known so far about avian flu and looks at what might happen if a human pandemic occurs. Clouds of alien life forms are sweeping through outer space and infecting planets with life — it may not be as far-fetched as it sounds. The idea that life on Earth came from another planet has been around as a modern scientific theory since the s when it was proposed by Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe.
At the time they were ridiculed for their idea — known as panspermia. But now, with growing evidence, it's back in vogue and even being studied by NASA. We meet the scientists on a mission to get to the bottom of the beginnings of life on Earth - from the team in Texas who are lovingly building a robotic submarine called DEPTHX to explore a moon of Jupiter , to Southern India where they are investigating a mysterious red rain which fell for two months in Louis has come to the conclusion that the cells are extra-terrestrial in origin. It's a palaeontologist's dream: the chance to live in a world where dinosaurs are not something to be dug out of the ground but are living among us.
It may sound far-fetched but dinosaurs were actually rather unlucky. The meteorite impact that doomed them to extinction was an event with a probability of millions to one. What if the meteorite had missed?
Had dinosaurs survived, the world today would be very different. If humans managed to survive alongside them, we wouldn't have the company of most, if not all, of the mammals with which we are familiar today. Giraffes , elephants and other mammals wouldn't have had space to evolve. Would we be hunting Hadrosaurs instead of elk? Or farming Protoceratops instead of pigs? Would dinosaurs be kept as pets? And could the brighter dinosaurs have evolved into something humanoid?
Thomas Hildebrandt possesses one of the world's most extraordinary jobs - getting the planet's endangered animals in the mood for love. The planet's creatures are facing the biggest mass extinction since the dinosaurs were wiped out. Species are currently disappearing at up to 10, times the natural rate. Coming to the rescue are men like Dr Hildebrandt and his team. They are world leaders in the art of animal manipulation.
The billions of pounds spent benefiting human reproduction are now being applied to save endangered species. Techniques such as artificial insemination and IVF have been crucial to the successes in breeding giant pandas, big cats and other mammals in zoos across the world. As Thomas Hildebrandt says "Man has created this annihilation of species.
It's up to man to use his ingenuity to save them. Professor Lesley Regan , one of the UK's most respected medical experts, takes a scientific look at the world of makeup. Having just turned 50, Lesley happily inspects the wrinkles, age spots and broken veins on her own face in order to explore what exactly it is that makes us look old, and whether or not the ageing process can really be slowed down.
Examining award-winning pianist Nick van Bloss 's life with Tourette's , and how the symptoms of his illness disappeared when he channelled his energy into playing the instrument. But was his illness the real cause of his success? This programme speaks with scientists who believe that genius can be traced to a person's chemistry, and attempts to determine whether Nick's brain patterns dictate the unique way in which he views the world. Across the globe, scientists and entrepreneurs are gearing up for the second Moon race - colonisation. Plus an investigation into scientific claims that the helium-3 gas found in lunar soil could be used to create a new source of pollution-free energy on Earth.
The most popular way in which human intelligence is measured is the 10 test, but is this the most effective? A growing number of psychologists argue that the assessment only tells half the story because no-one can quite agree on what intelligence is.
Could it be that mental illness is, in some sense, necessary? A reset of consumer attitudes, values and expectations. Because I would imagine that having that as a motivator might be in the minority. When you combine a culture of discipline with an ethic of entrepreneurship, you create a powerful mixture that correlates with great performance. To be used well, the Internet requires self-regulation—maturity. About half a dozen divider files sit inside that for the main parts of the book.
After an examination of the most recent theories, this programme conducts an experiment on seven highly-qualified people from different occupations, including a fighter pilot, a Wall Street trader, a chess grandmaster and a quantum physicist. Each is put through a series of tests based on the latest research to determine who has the highest intelligence. But are the results conclusive? A fire in a skyscraper is one of the greatest challenges known to firefighters , and the decision to send crews into these towering infernos can result in tragic consequences.
However, after ten years of research, Edinburgh University 's Professor Jose Torero claims to have invented a revolutionary new method of protecting firefighters that has the potential to save thousands of lives. This programme takes an in-depth look at Torero's system in an attempt to see whether it could, as he believes, give man the upper hand against nature.
With the help of forensic science most crimes can be solved. But most criminals have not approached their crimes scientifically. Probiotic , superfood , organic : what do all these labels on food mean, apart from making a product more expensive? Professor Lesley Regan , who tested beauty products in a previous episode, tests a variety of supermarket products for their supposed health benefits. Doctors embarking on a scientific expedition to Mount Everest.
From tented laboratories pitched in minus degree temperatures, the results of their experiments could lead to a greater understanding of the human body and revolutionise the treatment of patients in intensive care. This documentary in the Horizon strand follows Dr Mike Grocott and his team, whose greatest goal is to discover a genetic link that allows some to survive low oxygen while others die. But to do this they must push themselves to the extreme. Standing 8,m in the sky, Everest is in the "death zone" and by climbing into this hostile environment they will be putting their own lives on the line.
Former Conservative MP Michael Portillo pushes his body to the brink of death in an investigation into the science of execution. As the American Supreme Court examines whether the lethal injection is causing prisoners to die in unnecessary pain, Michael sets out to find a solution which is fundamentally humane.
Armed with startling new evidence, Michael considers a completely new approach. Will it be the answer? For the first time in 40 years Horizon re-creates a controversial sensory deprivation experiment. Six ordinary people are taken to a nuclear bunker and left alone for 48 hours. Three subjects are left alone in dark, sound-proofed rooms, while the other three are given goggles and foam cuffs, while white noise is piped into their ears. The original experiments carried out in the s and 60s by leading psychologist Prof Donald Hebb , was thought by many in the North American political and scientific establishment to be too cruel and were discontinued.
Prof Ian Robbins, head of trauma psychology at St George's Hospital , Tooting, has been treating some of the British Guantanamo detainees and the victims of torture who come to the UK from across the world. Now he evaluates the volunteers as their brains undergo strange alterations. He believes the answers lie in the force of gravity. But Newton thought gravity was powered by God, and even Einstein failed to completely solve it. Heading out with his film crew on a road trip across the USA, Brian fires lasers at the moon in Texas, goes mad in the desert in Arizona, encounters the bending of space and time at a maximum security military base, tries to detect ripples in our reality in the swamps of Louisiana and searches for hidden dimensions just outside Chicago.
Recent research has analysed the link between the harmful effects of drugs relative to their current classification by law with some startling conclusions.